Measuring Structural Economic Vulnerability in Africa* A contribution to the Handbook of Africa and Economics @inproceedings{Guillaumont2014MeasuringSE, title={Measuring Structural Economic Vulnerability in Africa* A contribution to the Handbook of Africa and Economics}, author={P. Guillaumont}, year={2014} } requiring immediate food, water, shelter sanitation or medical assistance) Our work draws on research that exam-ines vulnerability as a social condition or as a measure of the resilience of population groups when confronted by disaster (Cutter, Boruff, & Shirley, 2003). Despite the presence of related indicators within the existing data toolbox, a new measure which identifies and prioritizes the economically The EVI is a measure of structural vulnerability to economic and environmental shocks Fire-sale vulnerability. Vulnerability is commonly defined as the degree to which a system is likely to experience harm due to hazards (Villagrán de León, 2006). The paper focuses separately on changes in families’ economic security over the 1989–2007 period, when six of the measures are available, and over the 1995–2007 period, when all twelve measures are available. The “vulnerability” perspective on economic development (e.g. The new EIB COVID-19 Economic Vulnerability Index examines which countries are the most vulnerable to a virus such as the COVID-19 and which countries should take the most stringent precautions to prevent the spread of such a virus. State of Israel 2 Presentation Plan Presentations to be discussed Romain Duval “Economic vulnerability to macroeconomic shocks: the role of policies and institutions”. In recent years, economic insecurity has been discussed by several authors (e.g. Vulnerability is an important aspect of households' experience of poverty. This project investigates issues concerning poverty and vulnerability in developing countries building on behavioural economics. One reason for this is that many economic variables are correlated with each other and one variable could be used to represent others. November 6, 2020 . We measure the economic risk of epidemics at a geo-spatially detailed resolution. Different methods, such … … A vulnerability index is a measure of the exposure of a population to some hazard. economic vulnerability but whose policies are deleterious to economic resilience, thereby exposing them to the adverse effects of shocks.5 These four scenarios are depicted in Figure 1, where the axes measure inherent economic vulnerability and nurtured resilience, respectively. Through such an index "diverse issues can be combined into a standardised framework...making comparisons possible". Those who are under a constant threat of poverty are often observed to choose to make safer, but less lucrative, investments than those who are free from the fear of poverty. But the entitlements theory of Sen (1981) and contributions to risk and vulnerability analysis (e.g. Most vulnerable are oil exporting countries and those that are highly dependent on tourism The new European Investment Bank … Socio-Economic Vulnerability Maps. Measures the share of population who are victims of disasters, defined as people killed are affected (i.e. If we consider the development literature of forty years ago, the issue of instability, especially for primary exports and international prices, made up a significant part in the analysis of the problems faced by developing countries. Economic Vulnerability Index Rationale Measures of poverty, deprivation, food insecurity do exist in Nepal, measuring undernutrition, poverty, household wealth and food consumption to name a few. Vulnerability of vulnerability measures 29 October session 3.2f Discussion Talk Shlomo Yitzhaki Central Bureau of Statistics, Israel. Since it is difficult to measure the social vulnerability of populations relatively, variables were collected as proxy measures to represent the concept. While theoretically, either continuous or categorical variables may be used for constructing measures of economic vulnerability, the interpretation will be easier if the variable is categorical. household-level measures of economic insecurity that are intended to capture these various dimensions of economic vulnerability. Business. Macroeconomic vulnerability is currently measured by the United Nations through a weighted average of eight variables related to exposure to shocks, and frequency of shocks, known as Economic Vulnerability Index (EVI). It is the only report currently available that takes a closer look at how developing countries are affected by the crisis. Economic vulnerability of developing countries is not really a new issue. The new measure takes into account the reference point individuals use when Traditional poverty measures neglect several important dimensions of household welfare. Efforts to quantify socio-economic vulnerability and poverty remain limited, and information of this kind is rarely integrated into risk assessments (GFDRR, 2014a). economic efficiency and long-run welfare of households. Some suggest measuring economic growth through increases in the standard of living, although this can be tricky to quantify. In this paper, economic vulnerability is defined as the exposure of an economy to exogenous shocks, arising out of economic openness, while economic resilience is defined as the policy-induced ability of an economy to withstand or recover from the effects of such shocks. In addition to data about the epidemic hazard prediction, we use data from 20142019 tocompute measures - for exposure, vulnerability, and resilience of the local economy to the shock of an epidemic. Many households, while not currently in poverty, recognize that they are vulnerable to events - a bad harvest, a lost job, an illness, and unexpected expense, an economic downturn - that could easily push them into poverty. How should one measure the impact on well-being of economic insecurity and vulnerability in these very different contexts? The first map is the Global Social Vulnerability Map, which is a composite index that was developed to measure characteristics or qualities of social systems that create the potential for loss or harm. However, this sector is highly sensitive to changes in temperature and precipitation and increased climate change impacts. In this paper we propose to extend this measure by taking into account additional variables related to resilience, i.e., the ability of a country to recover after a shock. The project seeks to derive poverty measures that are based on prospect theory, an alternative model to expected utility theory for decision-making under uncertainty. INCREASE VULNERABILITY AN APPROACH TO MEASURING VULNERABILITY FOR ES INTERVENTIONS This section offers one suggested approach for assessing economic vulnerability for ES interventions as one part of a larger approach for assessing aspects of vulnerability relevant to OVC programs. Corpus ID: 129949336. In this conceptualization (Figure 1), risk (an objective measure of the likelihood of a hazard event) interacts with mitigation (measures to lessen risks or reduce their impact) to produce the hazard potential. MA. Sarewitz et al., 2003 ; Cannon, 1994 ) have argued that vulnerability is not the same as poverty. Here, a step was taken to ensure the relevance of the data within the domain of social and economic vulnerability research. Economics, and the Environment, 2002) to examine the components of social vulnerability. In recent decades, countries throughout Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have been developing rapidly in terms of economic development and incomes. In an attempt to measure the economic vulnerability phenomenon, economic vulnerability indices have been constructed, generally including a relatively small number of variables, often limited to three or four. Food vulnerability exists when food-related shocks stress a household’s ability to acquire safe and nutritious food. Mansoor Ahmad. This index measures the magnitude of systemic spillover losses among banks caused by asset fire sales under hypothetical stress scenarios, and is expressed as a fraction of system capital. In this paper we construct a measure of ‘vulnerability’ which allows us to quantify the welfare loss associated with poverty as well as the loss associated with any of a variety of different sources of uncertainty. The agriculture sector is fundamental to this development from the economic and social perspectives. Key Takeaways. economic consequences for affected areas and their inhabitants. We take a utilitarian approach to defining vulnerability in a risky environment. Syllabus 11 S953 – Measuring Socioeconomic Vulnerability- Customized Indicator for better public policies.pdf However, those issues are deeply complex and a successful project implementation needs metrics that take into account multidimensional socioeconomic … Economic vulnerability . This literature review provides an overview of the tools and methods used to measure vulnerability, as pertains to development interventions focused on economic strengthening, at the population level as well as the household and individual level. Typically, the index is a composite of multiple quantitative indicators that via some formula, delivers a single numerical result. 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