In this instance, coconut milk may be a better choice environmentally than dairy milk. Here’s a really terrific Coconut Curry Sauce with beautiful depth of flavour yet is made with everyday spices. Additionally, this milk is a great source of nutrients, containing several beneficial vitamins such as B12, D, A as well as a high level of calcium. It is true that coconuts can retain carbon in the soil, but where you get your coconuts may involve long transport distances. Yes, you can substitute regular milk for coconut milk in many recipes. Coconut milk is the flesh of a coconut, pureed with water, and then strained to create a creamy and rich liquid. Coconut milk is a thick, creamy, and dairy free beverage that’s high in fat and low in carbohydrates and sugar. Furthermore, coconut milk can be applied to the skin to maintain its elasticity and, as a result, reduce wrinkle formation. It’s completely organic and does not contain any condiments made from animals. Tired of drinking it plain? Some individuals further find that almond milk is easier to digest than coconut milk. No worries, this product is 100% suitable for vegans. Some coconut milk brands also fortify their milk with various nutrients. , with a cup or two of this coconut milk, your dish will turn out absolutely amazing. When you open it afterwards, you’ll notice that there’s a layer of solidified coconut fat. With cellulose gum as a stabilizer, the fat’s not likely to separate from the water. However, saturated fat is a fairly large category of fats that includes the kind of fat found in everything from bacon grease to coconuts. However, it has a tendency to clump up, even though it’s got guar gum in it, so you do have to give it a few good shakes before using it. Then you should stop at Chaokoh Coconut Milk. If you don’t know what to look for in coconut milk, here are some suggestions. Products like. Furthermore, this product is perfect for cooking. However, the dairy industry contributes a significant amount of greenhouse gas emissions, which is harmful to the environment. Loved by paleo dieters, vegans, and foodies alike, the canned stuff can mimic milk and cream … Is coconut milk safe to drink expired? Though nutrition research isn’t clear on whether there is an upper limit on healthy amounts of coconut milk, small to moderate amounts of coconut milk do appear to be healthy levels of intake. I added 1/4 tsp coconut extract and increased the coconut to 1 1/4 cup to enhance the coconut … If you need some brief description about each product, then you can check out the section below where I’ve written some key features about what I think are the best coconut milk. My favorite coconut milk, by far, is undoubtedly the So Delicious Dairy-Free Unsweetened Vanilla Coconut Milk. Generally, coconut milk in a can has a shelf life of two to five years. White and opaque in appearance, coconut milk contains iron, selenium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and vitamins C, E, B1, B3, B5, and B6. Coconut milk is the flesh of a coconut, pureed with water, and then strained to create a creamy and rich liquid. MCT is known to help decrease body fat and fight against some of the unhealthy metabolic changes that happen in conjunction with weight gain. Researchers have found a liquid known as lauric acid in coconut milk, which is high in anti-inflammatory as well as antimicrobial properties. I’ve used made a Coconut … It’s less convenient if you need large quantities of coconut milk, or want something a little more calorie dense. There’s less than a gram of carbohydrates per serving, so this is a great source of fat energy if you are on a ketogeni… However, this has also made coconut milk somewhat controversial—proponents cite its high MCT oil content as evidence for its benefits, while others point to the drawbacks of diets that are high in saturated fat. Do you love the fresh taste of coconut? Being suitable for multi-purpose use such as making beverages or eating cereal, this coconut milk is a nice change from regular cow milk, which is always a bad news for those with lactose intolerance. Many brands of coconut milk contain some level of protein, but it is negligible as even coconut meat, from which coconut milk is pressed, only contains small amounts of dietary protein. The USDA also determined that raw coconut milk has 8.02 grams of sugars and no cholesterol. Although saturated fat consumption is usually associated with cardiovascular disease coconut milk might be an exception. Going vegan? Is coconut milk better for the environment? They may also include ingredients to prevent the coconut milk from separating too much when it is in its packaging. Try out this coconut milk that can complement your coffee like nothing else. Compared to coconut milk, it is much lower in calories and fat. MCT is known to help decrease body fat and fight against some of the unhealthy metabolic changes that happen in conjunction with weight gain. Soy Milk. Weight Management. For a high quality product with an affordable price, this coconut milk possesses a rich flavor and an unique texture that will surely impress you. To give you a quick idea of what products I’ll be recommending and what they are about, I’ve compiled a comparison chart for you to consult from. Coconut milk is a high-calorie food. However, if you’re new to this, you might now know what products to get for your specific purpose. As you might have noticed, when it comes to coconut milk, there are certain products that are tremendously high in calories whereas there are those that are considerably lower in fat and calories. Additional research published in 2004 in the Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition found similar results in Indonesia (5). Top 15 Best Coconut Milk on The Market 2021. Other variants include cream of coconut and creamed coconut, which both vary in consistency, as well as fat and sugar content. However, this does not necessarily mean that those with carrageenans should be a deal-breaker. In terms of sugar content, less was more. Most coconut trees grow on the island and coastal areas in Fiji, Samoa, India, Brazil, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea. Light Coconut Milk, Low-Fat All-Natural Unsweetened 68% Less Fat BPA-Free Gluten free Dairy Free No thickeners Great for latte, curry, Keto Recipes - 13.5 oz. If you choose organic coconut milk, that means you have avoided the use of pesticides and herbicides during the growth of the coconuts. Either way, make sure you check any expired coconut milk to ensure it is still good before using it. You can put this to make a vegan cup of coffee or latte. This gives it a distinctively sweeter taste than a traditional coconut milk, but only adds three grams of sugar per serving. Coconut milk is further suitable in both sweet and savory dishes, including for creamy sauces and soups. What is the difference between coconut water and coconut milk? Use desiccated coconut or coconut rum to flavour traybakes, cupcakes, brownies and more. While coconut milk is the result of pressing coconut flesh for its liquid, coconut cream is made from coconut meat heated in water. The researchers compared the dietary intake of people with heart disease to a similar group of healthy people. Do you like the original coconut milk from 365 Everyday Value but want something that contains less fat and calories? In addition to being less likely to be stored as fat, it has been proved that MCTs can reduce appetite as well as decrease average calorie intake. Soy milk is another vegan choice and is an option for those with lactose and gluten sensitivities. Therefore, if you can help it, buy those that specifically say “BPA-free” on the label. Coconut milk might also be exempt from the usual nutritional rules about saturated fat, as its specific fatty acid content differs widely from other sources of saturated fatty acids, like red meat. Almond milk is made from finely ground almonds and water, and like coconut milk, it is gluten and dairy-free. Therefore, I’ve written this review for the best coconut milk so that you can determine which one is the best for you. Best Coconut Milk Capacity Ingredients Calories per serving size; So Delicious Dairy-Free Unsweetened Vanilla Coconut Milk - Best Overall: 32 ounces (945 ml) Organic coconut milk, natural vanilla flavor, calcium phosphate, magnesium phosphate, guar gum, xanthan gum, different types of … Furthermore, it can be used to make other dishes such as curry, soup, sauces and other types of savory desserts. Is coconut milk high in protein? Is coconut milk better for the environment? Vita Coco took the top spot for offering a great taste, with low sugar levels and minimal stabilizing agents. Furthermore, other plant-based alternatives such as soy milk contain a high level of protein, which make coconut milk not a very good option in this regard. Add chicken and cook, stirring occasionally, until chicken is cooked through, 6 to 8 minutes. It’s also great for persons following a low carb or keto diet since it mostly free of carbs unless it contains added sugar from the manufacturer. Whether you’re planning to whip up some hot chocolate, Latin dessert or smoothies, you know you can count on this coconut milk. If you’re planning to make some whipped cream for your smoothies or your cake, then consider getting this coconut milk from 365 Everyday Value. Coconut milk comes in two different packaging, either cans or cartons. Why is coconut milk a popular beverage for keto diets? ). Most types of coconut milk will remain good as long as they are unopened. The researchers hypothesized that the saturated fat in coconut products might interact with other negative parts of Western lifestyles, like high refined carbohydrate and sugar intake, as well as low levels of physical activity, could interact with the fat content of coconut milk to create adverse health outcomes. Canned coconut milk is having more than a moment. The only thing you will want to pay attention to is whether or not the coconut flavor may alter the other flavors in the specific recipe you are making. What is the difference between coconut water and coconut milk? It’s skimmed off the top and sold as coconut cream, similar to dairy products. Slimming Slimming Tablets. This easy coconut cake will give you a taste of the tropical. One review study published in 2016 in the journal Nutrition Reviews surveyed a number of studies on coconut intake to determine its health effects (, The authors conceded that coconuts appear to be a healthy and non-harmful part of the diet of many traditional island societies, but the evidence for using coconut milk or. If you feel like a few words are not enough to fully inform you of what you need, then you can read my full reviews for each product down below. Their study had 24 overweight and obese men participate in a crossover trial that included 28 days with an MCT supplement and 28 days with a long-chain triglyceride supplement as a control. Coconut milk comes in a variety of ways, such as liquid form, powder form, and condensed form. In a medium saucepan over medium heat, add coconut milk, sugars, and salt. With so much controversy over coconut milk, it’s hard to pin down a precise optimal intake. Cans (Count of 6) … With no sugar added, this product is a good source of medium chain fatty acids (MCFAs) and vitamins like B12, A, and D as well as calcium. Try it in a breakfast power smoothie, golden milk latte or classic Belgian waffles. Macadamia nuts, hemp, and quinoa are also plant-based options for milk. It also contains sodium and potassium, which can help balance body fluids after a bout of exercise. Another study published in 2010 in the journal Pharmacological Research connected MCTs with improvements in metabolic function (2). Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API. Rice milk is another alternative, made from milling either white or brown rice and then mixing with water. If the source of your coconuts is a long distance away, the transportation of them may be harmful to the environment. Coconut Dream is a great choice if you want an unsweetened full-strength coconut milk that still has the nutrients you’d get in cow’s milk, like calcium and vitamin B12. How does coconut cream differ from coconut milk? The nutrients contained in coconut milk can vary depending on the brand of coconut milk you are using. Either way, make sure you check any expired coconut milk to ensure it is still good before using it. If you want to use coconut milk as a drink, it typically comes packaged in a bottle or carton and will have higher water content to allow for it to be used as a beverage. One review study published in 2016 in the journal Nutrition Reviews surveyed a number of studies on coconut intake to determine its health effects (6). This coconut milk can be used to create mouth-watering baked goods. Coconut milk is made by removing the coconut meat from the coconut and then soaking it for a bit to break it down. According to Mintel, UK plant milk sales have grown by 30% since 2015 with loads of cookbooks dedicated to blending and straining your own homemade concoctions. ). New In: Weight Management. Coconut has a reputation as exotic and healthy, but for … oz BPA-free cartons of pure coconut milk produced in Thailand. Friends said it was literally the best cake they had ever had and requested it for their birthdays. Blue Dragon coconut milk is made by AB World Foods, which is owned by Associated British Foods, the giant that enjoys sales of about £15 billion worldwide. How Coconut Milk is Made. What are the nutrients contained in coconut milk? It’s an Indian style sauce – outrageously addictive, and pairs beautifully with chicken, vegetables and legumes. Containing up to 50% more calcium than regular cow milk, this product is an amazing source of nutrients. Depending on whether it’s thick or thin, canned coconut milk can last from two to five years, if properly stored. Furthermore, MCTs are capable of temporarily boosting calories expenditure and therefore, can burn more fat. Completely plant-based, this coconut milk is certified non-GMO and has no cholesterol whatsoever. When you buy through links on TheBreslin.com, We may earn an affiliate commission. Special populations such as pregnant women and diabetics should be careful when consuming coconut milk as it may cause adverse effects. Coconut milk is a rich source of medium chain triglycerides (MCTs), which have a range of health benefits from assisting with weight loss to improving your metabolic health. Stir in lime juice and garnish with mint and coriander. ", By Amanda Collins | Last Updated December 17, 2020. Fat Burners & Binders Fat Burners Fat Binders Carb Blockers. There are many other plant-based kinds of milk that are similar to coconut milk that are also frequently vegan, gluten-free, and dairy-free. To make whipped cream from canned coconut milk, simply leave a can in the refrigerator for a few hours to chill. With a nice and creamy consistency, this coconut milk is surely one of the best products to choose from. This maintains the coconut milk’s creamy texture. It has a thick consistency with no separation so it oozes out of the packet. As such, they didn’t make the top 5 on our list. It comes in single use tetra paks, and is fortified with several vitamins and minerals to prevent the kind of deficints that can result from eliminating dairy from your diet. Many people believe goat’s milk is easier to digest than cow’s milk. Coconut milk has a high level of vitamin, especially vitamin A and E, that has amazing antioxidant power. Want something fresh? Well, fortunately there’s a light version of it that only has 40 calories per serving, making it a much healthier choice. How does coconut cream differ from coconut milk? What are some non-dairy alternatives to coconut milk? Coconut milk can increase the level of “good cholesterol”, aka the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL) , in your body, which can protect the heart and remove the “bad cholesterol” (LDL) from your bloodstream. However, for others, there are so many options to consider, which makes buying coconut milk a considerably harder task. Most coconut trees grow on the island and coastal areas in Fiji, Samoa, India, Brazil, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea. Coconut oil is produced when pressing coconut meat for its milk. Guar gum is a natural substance that is made from milled guar beans. On the other hand, coconut milk in cartons is guaranteed to contain no BPA at all. For Bodynutrition’s #1 recommended coconut milk, click here. Indonesia leads the world in coconut production. Thai Kitchen Organic Coconut Milk is a super-simple coconut milk that includes only water, coconut cream, and guar gum to help keep the coconut fats mixed well with the water (though it’s not always effective). What are the nutrients contained in coconut milk? Still, for people looking for a super-pure coconut milk and don’t mind having to shake up the can before use, it’s a decent option. What are some alternatives to coconut milk? While canned coconut milk is usually more suitable for cooking, coconut milk packaged in cartons makes a better choice for those drinking it plain. If so, you can try this sugar-free coconut milk that aims to satisfy your every craving. Marion’s Kitchen packages its coconut milk in individual foil packets, making it a favorite among people who like using coconut milk in their coffee or tea. Most types of coconut milk will remain good as long as they are unopened. The Coconut Milk Ingredients You Should Know About. Snickerdoodle Bites with Caramel Filling. Why does coconut milk often contain guar gum? To find the very best canned coconut milk, the Epi team blind-tasted every full-fat brand we could get our hands on. No, coconut milk is not high in protein. Coconut milk might not be a good choice if the rest of your diet and lifestyle is not very healthy. day old bread, sugar, condensed milk, coconut milk, sugar, eggs and 2 more Saffron Cake with Coconut Milk Le ricette di Micol rum, coconut milk, flour, saffron, granulated sugar, vegetable oil and 4 more This means that it will not pose any health risk to its consumers. Required fields are marked *. Despite many believing that coconut is a nut, a coconut is actually a fruit found as part of a coconut palm. When choosing your brand of coconut milk, consider your ability to recycle its container. You are also boxed in to using the entire seven ounces fairly quickly. They found a number of similar findings to studies done in Western populations: increased intake of animal protein and cholesterol were associated with a greater likelihood of cardiovascular disease. If you’re lactose intolerant, then coconut milk (or any other plant-based milk) would reign superior to regular milk. (Best for Lattes) The original almond milk from Califia Farms is … In terms of sugar content, less was more. However, this has also made coconut milk somewhat controversial—proponents cite its high MCT oil content as evidence for its benefits, while others point to the drawbacks of diets that are high in saturated fat. All the products needed to have mineral fortifications to make our list. Oat milk is made from the grain. Therefore, while it is ideal for making curry, dessert, shakes, soups, this coconut milk might not be ideal for you to drink directly from the can. You should keep in mind that this product from Nature’s Greatest Food is more suitable for cooking or making beverages rather than drinking plain. About 93% of its calories come from fat, including saturated fats known as medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs).. Another great choice when it comes to coconut milk, this product makes a nice addition to coffee, cereal, smoothies, milkshakes and many heavenly dishes such as curry and soup. Clocking in at 40 calories per cup, "this option is a good choice if you’re looking to manage your caloric or sugar… Anthony’s Organic Coconut Milk Powder was the exception since it is devoid of most sugar and additives. Using a paring knife, cut vanilla bean in half lengthwise. As you might guess, these don’t all contain the same molecules, even though they fall under the umbrella of saturated fat. Can coconut milk be a substitute for milk in recipes? This means that your smoothies will be much healthier while still maintaining the savory taste that you love. Specifically, we wanted to see various vitamins, such as vitamin D3 added, as well as some minerals. Products like So Delicious and Aroy-D ranked well here for providing less than 5g of sugar per serving. What’s more, it contains 64% less fat than ordinary coconut milk. But don’t stop only at chicken soup, this coconut milk also goes well with baked goods, curry and more. Boost The Performance Of The Immune System, So Delicious Dairy-Free Unsweetened Vanilla Coconut Milk, Thai Kitchen Organic Unsweetened Organic Coconut Milk, Native Forest Classic Organic Classic Coconut Milk, 365 Everyday Value Vanilla Organic Coconut Milk, Vita Unsweetened Original Plant-based Coconut Milk, Nature Greatest Food Organic Unsweetened Coconut Milk, Coconut Dream Enriched Original Unsweetened Coconut Milk, Native Forest Organic Light Reduced Fat Coconut Milk, 365 Everyday Value Organic Light Coconut Milk, So Delicious Dairy Free Unsweetened Coconut Milk, Top 5 Best Air Fryer With Stainless Steel Basket Reviews 2021, Top 15 Best Pressure Canner For The Money 2021, Top 10 Best Cut Resistant Gloves To Buy 2021, Top 15 Best Chamomile Tea Reviews in 2021, Top 15 Best Pizza Pans on The Market 2021, Top 15 Best Avocado Oils For Cooking 2021, Top 15 Best Burr Coffee Grinder To Buy 2021, Top 15 Best Glass Pitchers To Buy in 2021, Top 15 Best Hot Water Dispenser For The Money 2021, Top 15 Best Champagne Glasses To Buy in 2021, Top 15 Best Canned Refried Beans To Buy 2021, Top 15 Best Countertop Convection Ovens To Buy 2021, Top 15 Best Italian Cookbook Reviews in 2021, Top 10 Best Under Cabinet Range Hood To Buy 2021, Organic coconut milk, natural vanilla flavor, calcium phosphate, magnesium phosphate, guar gum, xanthan gum, different types of vitamins, Organic coconut milk, organic guar gum, filtered water, Organic coconut milk, filtered water, organic coconut cream, calcium carbonate, organic natural flavor, organic locust bean gum, Coconut water from concentrate, water, coconut cream, cellulose gel and cellulose gum, Organic coconut, purified water, organic guar gum, Coconut cream, filtered water, tricalcium phosphate, gellan gum, sea salt, various types of vitamins, Coconut extract, water, citric acid, sodium metabisulfite, Coconut milk, vitamins and minerals blend, Can be used for smoothies, lattes, milkshake and coffee, Contain no preservatives or artificial colors, Can be used as a substitute for cow milk and cream. This means that this product is suitable for those who are trying to eat healthier. However, they are often not fortified with vitamins and minerals, making them less ideal as a dairy substitute. While coconut milk is the result of pressing coconut flesh for its liquid, coconut cream is made from coconut meat heated in water. To prepare for the main course, you can use this coconut milk to make delicious, savory dishes such as spicy curry, fresh piña coladas, etc. So yes, you can gain weight by drinking coconut milk. Soy milk is made with either soybeans or soy protein isolate, and often contains thickeners … ranked well here for providing less than 5g of sugar per serving. However, they tend to climb and contain a lot of sugar and stabilizing agents, which is why we ranked them quite low. Fresh, raw coconut meat is also a good source of iron, manganese, and selenium (7). Coconut milk comes in a variety of ways, such as liquid form, powder form, and condensed form. Read more here. Use your rice cooker to make restaurant … Coconut trees are flexible in the type of soil they grow well in, but they do require substantial rainfall. Are you a coffee enthusiast? If you thought the classic cookie couldn’t get any better, … However, it’s important to keep in mind that canned coconut milk has a very small chance of containing BPA within them. Fresh coconut milk is classified as alkaline-forming whereas dried coconut milk powder is classified as acid-forming. Even though coconut milk does have some MCTs, which have been proved to be helpful for weight loss, the amount of MCTs in coconut milk is nowhere near enough to “cancel out” the high level of calories and fat it has. Therefore, if you’re trying to eat healthier, then you should pay close attention to how many calories per serving the coconut milk has. However, they tend to climb and contain a lot of sugar and stabilizing agents, which is why we ranked them quite low. There are no emulsifiers, which means no additives but worse fat/water separation, and no added vitamins or minerals, which is good if you are striving for purity, but not so good if you want to use this as a dairy substitute. For people who are lactose intolerant, plant-based milk makes a nice alternative to cow milk. Meal Replacements Meal Replacement Shakes. White and opaque in appearance, coconut milk contains iron, selenium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and vitamins C, E, B1, B3, B5, and B6. **** Please note: Taste the coconut milk first, if you want it sweeter, add approx 2 powdered sugar to it and mix until dissolved. was the exception since it is devoid of most sugar and additives. There are now many other plant-based and non-dairy kinds of milk available, including almond milk, oat milk, soy milk, rice milk, and cashew milk. Another option to coconut milk, which is not vegan or plant-based, is goat’s milk. https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/recipes/collection/coconut-milk I’m simply suggesting that products without further additives might be preferable to some. Another study published in 2010 in the journal Pharmacological Research connected MCTs with improvements in metabolic function (. The researchers found that the MCTs were associated with an increase in energy expenditure and a decrease in body fat levels, compared to the long chain triglyceride control period. If you want to use coconut milk as a drink, it typically comes packaged in a bottle or carton and will have higher water content to allow for it to be used as a beverage. Its convenience, great taste, and purity let us rank it in our top 3. While it may be higher in fiber than coconut milk, oat milk may contain gluten, so it may not be a suitable choice for those with celiac disease or those with gluten intolerances. 12 case of 8.5 fl. To conclude, whether coconut milk makes a better option entirely depends on your need, preferences and habits. It is also higher than coconut water in calories and saturated fat. One cup of fresh raw coconut meat contains 283 calories, 12.2 grams of carbohydrates, 7.2 grams of dietary fiber, 5.0 grams of sugar, 26.8 grams of total fat, of which 23.8 grams is saturated fat, and 2.7 grams of protein. What is the difference between coconut oil and coconut milk? , are very convenient. There is several evidence pointing to the fact that MCTs can, in fact, be beneficials for weight loss. Well, unfortunately, coconut milk only contains a very low level of MCTs, so ultimately it does not have any noteworthy impact on weight loss in general. Generally, coconut milk in a can has a shelf life of two to five years. Although product recommendations are only our opinions, this research-backed page has been fact-checked and reviewed by a certified nutritionalist or health specialist. A number of studies have concluded that, in traditional societies, even extremely high coconut consumption is not associated with cardiovascular disease. So if you’re trying to cut down on calories to lose some weight, you can substitute regular milk with coconut milk. Yes, you can substitute regular milk for coconut milk in many recipes. If you need a certain amount of protein intake everyday, then drinking coconut milk instead of regular milk might make you miss out on those much needed protein. After researching for a while, I’ve come to a conclusion that Starbucks uses Sumatra coconut milk. How can I use coconut milk for cooking? Made with real coconut cream, this gluten-free coconut milk from Coconut Dream offers a rich and creamy texture that rivals even regular cow milk. This product can be used for several purposes. Coconut milk that is packaged in a can is usually a thick cream, suitable for cooking as seen in many Asian dishes such as curries. It is also higher than coconut water in calories and saturated fat. Get a taste of the tropics with our tasty coconut cakes. Some coconut milk brands also fortify their milk with various nutrients. Furthermore, it contains virtually no stabilizers, gum, thickeners or preservatives. Other variants include cream of coconut and creamed coconut, which both vary in consistency, as well as fat and sugar content. Other packaging may only last for six to 12 months. As such, it’s become a very popular food to add to low carb and ketogenic diets, because almost all of its energy content comes from the saturated fat content. Shop All: Natural Beauty. If you have digestive problems, then you should avoid those with carrageenans, which are known to be able to cause some minor digest problems. This ensures you don’t use potentially dangerous expired products and also guarantees freshness. Coconut milk is a great choice for homemade soups as it adds a creamy texture and flavor. Your email address will not be published. However, this product from Aroy-D, a brand from Thailand, still offers high quality coconut milk. One such study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition by researchers in New Zealand, compared two populations of island dwellers in Polynesia (4).