While the face and palms are usually free of scales, x-linked ichthyosis is associated with several other conditions. Adult alligators are apex predators in their environment. Inherited forms of ichthyosis are the most serious types of alligator skin disease and can leave a person greatly disfigured. X-linked ichthyosis is characterized by small, dark scales on the torso and limbs. Yet there are still a few creatures that rule their domain, even in America, and these are more than capable of making a meal out of the average human. You can probably figure out where they are found from the names! An alligator has five toes on its front feet and four webbed toes on its back feet which help it swim. The flaking and dryness of the skin is usually most severe on the legs, although the condition can develop all over the body. Females grow to around eight feet. It affects only males, although females can carry the gene that causes x-linked ichthyosis. Xeroderma is a very mild form of ichthyosis that can develop at any time. One you’ll see in a while and the other you’ll see later! By by DAVID CAPLAN. This means the Chinese alligator is little threat to people, and from here on we will only talk about the American alligator. This becomes more likely the bigger the gator is as they don’t tend to attack anything bigger than themselves. With an average size of 8.2 ft (2.6 m) for females and 11.2 ft (3.4 m) for males, the majority of gators are easily capable of taking on an adult human. Nuisance alligator trappers were issued more than 15,000 permits and tags and removed more than 7,700 nuisance alligators. A study by Dr Greg Erickson of Florida State University in 2005 measuring the bite force of an American alligator resulted in the most powerful bite ever recorded. X-linked ichthyosis is another inherited form of ichthyosis. In captivity alligators have been known to live over 80 years as is the case of “Muja” in Belgrade Zoo, Serbia, which has been there since 1937. The cycle persists until the alligator one day approaches someone in the water that has no food other than … It is said that wherever there is water in Florida there is a chance there are gators. Other symptoms of this condition include red eyelids, which are irritated by excessive dryness. The fearsome predator is being hunted after police saw … Avoid vegetation-filled areas of rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water. Alligator attacks are very rare, even in Florida where there are plenty of gators and people. While the majority of fatal attacks have been in the water, larger gators are known to hunt on land too. There are reckoned to be over a million alligators in Florida alone. Like their cousins, the crocs, alligators will use. While smaller gators, four feet or less in length typically pose little threat. Xeroderma is a very mild form of ichthyosis that can develop at any time. Alligators have webbed feet which help them to propel in the water much quicker. Caimans have scaly skin, and live a fairly nocturnal existence. Alligators and crocodiles do not have cutting teeth and must therefore rip apart any prey that is too big to swallow whole. If the answer is no then you are almost certainly not looking at an alligator. Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is another rare form of inherited ichthyosis. Some patients with ichthyosis see improvement when showers and baths are limited. A lifelong condition, those with lamellar ichthyosis are susceptible to skin infections and may be intolerant to heat. All cases of ichthyosis should be treated with moisturizers. Whilst the record was surpassed by a 17 ft (5.5 m) saltwater croc in 2012 with a reading of 3,700 psi this is still an awesomely powerful bite. American alligators are found in the southeastern states – predominantly Florida and Louisiana but also in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, the Carolinas and certain parts of Texas, Arkansas and Oklahoma. Chinese alligators are smaller, growing to around 4.6 to 4.9 feet (1.4 to 1.5 m) long and usually weighing only around 50 lbs. An alligator's … On the plus side the odds are firmly on your side as the vast majority of alligator attacks do not result in serious injury and very few indeed are fatal. Bad joke out of the way, there are a few ways to tell these reptiles apart. While the former reptiles kill hundreds of people every year (around 1,000 between them) the death toll from alligators is only around one person every year. Alligators are also ambush predators and will sometimes take on some pretty impressive prey. Our team periodically reviews articles in order to ensure content quality. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a89f88697dfe56e1c84f6cebd73836c9" );document.getElementById("cc0e77c7ef").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Planet Deadly brings you well researched and informative articles on everything dangerous and potentially lethal from around the globe. Also, humans are not really on the menu. The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. It is important to moisturize directly after bathing or showering. Our small fingers are meant to hold objects rather than helping us swim in the water. There are actually two living species of alligators; the Chinese alligator (A. sinensis) and the American alligator (A. mississippiensis). Mild cases may be alleviated with a simple over-the-counter moisturizing cream. Layers of this scaly skin will continuously flake and fall off. The American alligator can grow up to 11.2 feet (3.4 meters) long and weight nearly half a ton (1,000 lbs. It does not attack humans but apparently does feed on corpses set afloat in funeral ceremonies on the Ganges River. Larger specimens can be over 1,000 lb (450 kg) and 14 ft (4.4 m) long. However, this speed applies to healthy animals and short distances only. Ichthyosis vulgaris develops in as many as one out of 300 people, reports the Merck Online Medical Library. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. According to the Merck Online Medical Library, ichthyosis is sometimes an early symptom of systemic diseases like leprosy, hypothyroidism, lymphoma and AIDS. How long do alligators live? The tail is virtually solid muscle and this is where it generates its power. Even though these alligators are a threat to humans, they're still wary of us. For comparison, the fastest humans running at world-record times in a 100 meter dash, are running about 20 MPH (32 KPH), but a typical adult human is no faster than an alligator. Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is another rare form of inherited ichthyosis. Normally, alligators will avoid humans. These scales are usually found near large joints and are susceptible to blisters and infection. Required fields are marked *. The skin on their back is armored with embedded bony plates called osteoderms or scutes. Well, I think we have already answered that question. Ichthyosis vulgaris develops in as many as one out of 300 people, reports the Merck Online Medical Library. The purpose of these teeth is to grip the prey and prevent it escaping. Like others in the croc family gators are armor-plated making it pretty hard to stop one with anything short of a hunting rifle. Alligators are smart, but not in a human way. American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) Punching the snout and gouging the eyes are likely to make the alligator thing twice. Alligator skin disease, technically known as ichthyosis, is a skin condition that causes scaling and flaking. There are several types of alligator skin diseases, ranging from mild to severe. It is not inherited or associated with any physical abnormalities, According to the Merck Online Medical Library. Ichthyosis vulgaris is a genetic disease that causes dry, itchy skin that resembles scales. Lamellar ichthyosis is a rare form of ichthyosis that first develops in newborns 2. Another Massive Alligator Takes a Stroll Across a Golf Course On Tuesday afternoon, officers responded to a 911 call from Lake Hunter in Lakeland, reporting an alligator eating a human body. All cases of ichthyosis should be treated with moisturizers. "They have been hunted since the Europeans got to the US, and they almost went extinct." (The alligator responsible for the recent fatality had an estimated size of 4 to 7 feet.) Alligators are considered nuisance if they are more than 4 feet long and are believed to pose a threat to people, pets or property. Around 60% of Nile crocodile attacks are fatal but only 5% of alligator attacks are deadly. While these laws might scare you, don't let wild alligators in Florida scare you! After this it is unlikely the alligator would manage to reach anything over 10 mph (15 km/h). Take special care in places that are known to be home to these reptiles; this means definitely don’t swim and also avoid the water’s edge – alligators are ambush hunters and can lurk, unseen, just waiting for something or someone to come along. Alligators have wider upper jaws so this overlaps and covers the bottom teeth. An alligator, 4 to 7 feet long, dragged the victim under water in the Seven Seas Lagoon about 9pm on June 14, 2016, at Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & Spa just outside ofT Orlando, Florida. Alligator Facts The American alligator (alligator mississimus), also known as the Alligator snake, is an enormous, heavy-chested, tough, leather-covered, rough-textured, saltwater crowd animal with powerful arms and strong neck and large shoulders which can reach almost 16 ft long. Ho ho! A full-grown alligator that is between 8 and 11 feet (2.4 and 3.4 meters) could weigh up to 1,000 pounds (453 kilograms) [source: Smithsonian National Zoological Park]. Another characteristic of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is sparse hair and thick nails. In fact, alligator gar in the wild have reached up to 350 pounds and 10 feet long. TAMPA — A 3-foot alligator bit a girl Friday who was wading in a retention pond near a shopping mall here, rescue officials said.. Mild itching on the lower legs is the most common form of xeroderma and it may be accompanied by a form of contact dermatitis. It may also make the gator adjust its grip at which point you may have an opportunity to make your escape. They’re after an easy meal so anything to prevent this will go in your favor. The Foundation for Ichthyosis & Related Skin Types (FIRST) reports that half of all patients have white spots in the corneas of their eyes, 20 percent of patients may have undescended testis and in rare cases, mental retardation may be present 2. What do alligators eat? Prolonged labor is prevalent among mothers who give birth to sons with x-linked ichthyosis. "Types of Ichthyosis." The oldest alligator in captivity in over 76 years old and lives in a zoo in Siberia. Another characteristic of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is sparse hair and thick nails. There are two different types of alligator, and they vary in size. How fast can an alligator run? Unsurprisingly the two biggest killers are the saltwater crocodile and the Nile crocodile, but also on the list is the American alligator. Keep an eye on your surroundings near fresh or brackish waters. In the article, the author states, ” if you can see both upper and lower teeth protruding then it is probably a crocodile.” In the second photo from the top in which the creature is labled, “Alligator”…isn’t that actually a crocodile? The alligator’s primary killing equipment are its jaws. About Ichthyosis. An average alligator can run on land at a maximum speed of 11 mph. Alligators tend to look for easy options when it comes to meals and will only target smaller animals such as fish, turtles and small animals. (2015). I think the test is to look side-on at the croc/gator. Your email address will not be published. The American alligator’s jaws are amongst the most powerful on the planet. most of the differences are on the head. As apex predators alligators have a formidable array of weaponry – both offensive and defensive. Where do alligators live? Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. Fact Checked Alligator skin disease, technically known as ichthyosis, is a skin condition that causes scaling and flaking. or 454 kilograms), according to the Smithsonian National Zoological Park. In fact over recent years there has been an average of one fatality a year. Any alligator measuring over 6 ft (2m) in length is a potential danger to humans, particularly in the water where they are firmly in charge. To a large extent man is master of his environment and the likelihood of being attacked, let alone eaten, by a wild animal is pretty slim. However, alligators are opportunists, and not being the brightest of animals tend to think with their teeth. Alligators less than 4 feet in length are relocated, but larger individuals are killed and the hides and meat sold. Drugs, including nicotinic acid and butyrophenones, can also cause the condition. Generally speaking alligators are afraid of humans having been hunted for centuries up to the point they were almost wiped out. Caimans inhabit Mexico, Central and northern South America from marshes and swamps to mangrove rivers and lakes. Alligators can’t maintain that speed over longer distances because they get tired very quickly. When the officers arrived, they saw the eight-foot alligator release the body and circle the area for approximately an hour. Eighty to 90 percent of the hatchlings will end up being eaten by a bird, raccoon, otter, snake or mature gator. The shape of the snout is also often a clue. A Common Catch In Texas Grady Allen/Texas Parks and Wildlife Department The ancient fish’s fearsome teeth make it look like an alligator. Not sure if this method is 100% accurate either. But I have a question. It is possible for people to acquire ichthyosis from certain diseases or drugs. A lifelong condition, those with lamellar ichthyosis are susceptible to skin infections and may be intolerant to heat. The 17-year-old was taken to the hospital. Your email address will not be published. At Healthfully, we strive to deliver objective content that is accurate and up-to-date. Though the bulky, 500-pound, 10- to 15-foot-long reptiles look menacing, alligators are afraid of humans. Then if the lower teeth overlap it’s a croc. I learned some stuff. June 3, 2017, 7:24 AM The biggest ever recorded gator was caught off Marsh Island in Louisiana in the 1890s and measured an enormous 19 ft 2 ins (5.85 m). Alligators are shy animals that usually avoid human contact. What this means is a large alligator is not only capable of crushing skulls or rib-cages and biting of limbs off, but once it has hold of its prey there is no escape. You may have heard figures as high as 25 mph (40 km/h) thrown around but this would not be quite the whole story and a bit of an exaggeration. X-linked ichthyosis is characterized by small, dark scales on the torso and limbs. Although we strive to deliver accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made. Obviously the alligator is in a different league to these giant crocs but the statistics don’t show the whole picture. The lifespan of alligators in the wild is 35-50 years. Symptoms of acquired ichthyosis range from small scales around the trunk and legs to thick scales all over the body. These are found in every one of Florida’s 67 counties along with smaller numbers in neighbouring states. Alligators that are larger than six feet pose the greatest threat to humans and pets. Alligators generally tend to avoid attacking humans. X-linked ichthyosis is another inherited form of ichthyosis. The average American alligator is 13 feet long and weighs 790 pounds, but large specimens over 14 feet long and 990 pounds occur. Alligators will slink away to … The alligator’s hunting methods may also bring them into contact with humans. 18 – Alligators become sexually mature at about six feet (1.8 m) long and the adults form ‘bellowing choruses’ in late spring, repeating the bellowing for a few minutes at a time, several times a day, usually within a few hours of sunrise, and on those nights they gather for group courtship in ‘alligator dances’. Alligators have a long, rounded snout that has upward facing nostrils at the end; this allows breathing to occur while the rest of the body is underwater. On the bright side, once an alligator makes it to four feet in length, only humans and larger alligators pose a threat. Those with severe scaling from ichthyosis should be under the care of a physician who can monitor the condition and prescribe medication accordingly. They learn through repetition and recognition. But if an alligator has been fed by humans, they will be more likely to move toward humans and could potentially become aggressive. Given the numbers and proximity of alligators to human populations there are bound to be encounters between species. On average alligators weigh around 790 lb (360 kg) and measure 13 ft (4m) in length. Found as far as 170 ft (50 m) from water, the animal will lay in wait, ready to launch a lightning fast lunge and grab at virtually anything that passes within range. They will also live in the brackish water found in estuaries and mangroves. This is about the speed a good sprinter will max out at over a short distance but for a gator the only time they achieve this speed is when they lunge the first few feet to take their prey by surprise. (22.7 kg). Although it is difficult to work out the age of an alligator studies have shown that they live, on average, for between 30 and 50 years in the wild. Amy Simpson is a copywriter, editor and blogger. Not only is this easy enough to outrun (even without zig-zagging) but alligators are not known to chase down their prey if the initial ambush fails. The classic way to tell is by looking at the teeth (from the side) when the mouth is closed; if you can see both upper and lower teeth protruding then it is probably a crocodile. Both males and females have an \"armored\" body with a muscular, flat tail. The disease can develop early in childhood, sometimes before the age of 4, according to the MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia 1. Along with this, Alligators are much more strong and sleek than humans in the water. His father and mother tried to rescue him; the father was attacked by a second alligator. The American alligator is significantly bigger than the Chinese, up to 10 times in many cases. Within their range alligators will live practically anywhere there is water, except the sea. An alligator can live for more than 50 years in captivity. On land, humans have high chances of outrunning an Alligator whereas in water it’s opposite. There are several types of alligator skin diseases, ranging from mild to severe. If a meal presents itself to a gator, or it’s hungry enough it may well have a go, even if that meal happens to be human. Mild itching on the lower legs is the most common form of xeroderma and it may be accompanied by a form of contact dermatitis. This form of attack requires massive power and the alligator has plenty of that. This type of hunting usually takes place at night so mistaken identity is a real possibility. The young have brigh… Gators generally do not attack humans for a number of reasons, but mainly because we are simply too large for gators to deal with. Description. Chinese alligators average 7 feet long and 100 pounds. So, the alligator is a finely honed killing machine. The first is to ask yourself, “Am I in the southern states of the U.S.A. (or on the Yangtze river)?”. Leave alligators alone. Given the proximity of large numbers of people to these animals it just goes to show that on the whole they really just aren’t that interested in eating us. Their favourite prey includes turtles, large fish (such as gar), birds and various mammals that share their habitat such as muskrat and coypu. There are quite a few myths and some confusion about how fast alligators can move on land. However, it wouldn’t have stuck around for 180 million years if it wasn’t pretty good at defending itself too. Serious and repeated attacks usually are made by alligators over 8 feet in length and are probably attributed to chase and feeding behavior. Lamellar ichthyosis is a rare form of ichthyosis that first develops in newborns 2. Simpson has written and edited content for outlets such as 4Kids Entertainment, Discovery Channel, FOX Television and MSN. Zoological Park the snout is also a factor in alligator attacks with dawn and dusk prime... 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The body skin on their back is armored with embedded bony plates called osteoderms or scutes layers of condition!, ignoring human onlookers the menacing reptile 's jaunt was captures on video side-on at the croc/gator two different of... From ichthyosis should be treated with moisturizers alligators are opportunists, and alligator feet on humans data it like...